There's timing and there's timing. Glorily lopez opened her immigration law exercise in february 2001—seven months before the 9-11 assaults modified the whole lot. "many u. S. Consulates close down, travel became restrained, and lots of instances have been behind schedule," she recalls. Born and raised in san juan, puerto rico, lopez went to catholic prep faculty and graduated with honors. Her lawyer-father had attended st. John's in minnesota and he endorsed her to just accept a scholarship to the university of minnesota, wherein she began research in 1991 on the age of 17. "i had never even seen snow earlier than, so the snowfall on oct. 31, 1991, became a surprise for me." she were given her j. D. At madison. On account that her husband, a molecular scientist, changed into primarily based in madison, lopez opened her very own firm there, where she'd observed a want for professionals in immigration law. "given that i am in a college town, we've got customers who are rather knowledgeable," she says. "we constitute professors, researchers and students from the college. However there's also a growing latino network here in madison." after sep 11, there were many changes in immigration policy—some welcome, some now not—however the brunt of the problem, she says, can nevertheless be traced to the unlawful immigration and immigrant responsibility act of 1996. Lopez says modern u. S. Immigration statutes make it difficult for households to live collectively due to the fact they don't provide sufficient ways for undocumented immigrants married to u. S. Residents to acquire residency visas themselves. "they both should remain right here undocumented—and manifestly, with the appearance of many immigration raids, that becomes quite tough, and then essentially wait, possibly for a comprehensive immigration bill to pass congress—or, inside the opportunity, pursue an utility for an immigrant visa thru the yankee consulate." it is hard for businesses as nicely. Beneath the current gadget, employers who knowingly lease undocumented workers aren't simplest difficulty to higher civil financial sanctions, however, many times, crook prosecution. "the environment within reason hostile right now, even for employers who need to do the right thing," she says. Instance: a enterprise she represents cannot locate the human beings it wishes in wisconsin so it is looking abroad. The perfect visas for expert employees are referred to as h-1b visas, which employers can first of all file for up to a few years with a probable three-year extension. Congress used to have a better cap for professional workers, however in current years it has reverted to the bottom stage: 65,000 in keeping with year. "we've had, essentially, blackout intervals for the ultimate 3 years because there are more petitions which can be filed with the department of place of birth safety"—lopez estimates 300,000 remaining 12 months alone—"than the cap allows. So we just were given rejected. No longer at the merits. No longer on anything. "these are workers that we need here. We want the scientists, the engineers. We want the people—lots of them have graduated from madison with a grasp's or ph. D., or simply bachelor's—and those corporations that really need their services aren't able to lease them." she adds, "the united states was founded and built by immigrants, and their contributions were critical to creating it the excellent nation it's miles today." however first they ought to get in.